The Hani Nationality has a population of about 1-29
million, living in compact communities mainly in the Ailao
Mountain region between the Honghe River in southern Yunnan and
the Lancang River, which includes Honghe Prefecture, Mojiang,
Pu'Er and Jiangcheng of Simao Prefecture and Yuanjiang County of
Yuxi Prefecture. The Hani nationality has a long history .It
shares the same ancestors with the Diqiang, the Yi, the Naxi and
the Lahu nationalies ,and developed into the present nationality
in the process of migration and reproduction. They were called "Heman"
in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, "Heni", "Hanni", "Hani" and "Ani
"in the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties . And they were named
as the Hani nationality after Liberation.
language belongs to the Tibeto-Burman Stock of the Sino -Tibetan
Language Family. But they don't have their own writing system..
They engage in farming and are good at making terraced fields.
They believe in a multi-god religion and their wizards are called
"Beima" and "Nima". Their typical houses are buildings on poles
and cob-walled houses. The principal festivals are the Kuzhazha
Festival and the Tenth Month Festival. The Tenth Month Festival
falls on the first dragon day of the tenth month. On this
occasion, the Hani people will hold long street banquets ,drinking
wines and giving best wishes to each other. The Hani people
cherish black color. Their clothes are often made of the cloth
made by themselves. Men like to wear loose and short coats ,long
trousers and black or white turbans. Women often wear collarless
sleeveless overcoats with buttons on the right . They wear short
skirts and leggings. Young girls often have silver bulbs, silver
coins and silver chains as chest ornaments.